Stop smoking medication

Stop smoking medication

admin January 4, 2021

The number of smokers in the world is already over a billion. And not all of these people smoke for pleasure. For some, smoking is a habit that destroys health and life. But getting rid of tobacco smoking is often very difficult or even impossible without help. The pharmaceutical market has a whole list of stop smoking medication that promise to get rid of the addiction quickly and effortlessly. All these drugs can be divided into three groups according to the principle of action:

  1. Nicotine replacement in the body;
  2. Antidepressants, which help get rid of the psychological effects of tobacco withdrawal;
  3. Inducement of aversion to tobacco.

Drugs can also be divided into two groups based on their composition:

  • Those that contain nicotine;
  • Does not contain nicotine.

Some manufacturers combine several types of action in one pill to get more results from taking the medication. If after several attempts you still have not achieved weaning, then this is a reason to consult a doctor and start medication treatment. After all, tobacco smoking brings irreparable harm and has a detrimental effect on the body. It is recommended to give up smoking first of all to women, because they increase the risk of developing deviations in their children.

Stop smoking medications

Before taking medicines against smoking should be consulted with a specialist, the doctor will prescribe the correct course of treatment that is suitable for you. He will determine the person’s degree of dependence on tobacco (psychological or physiological). As a rule, smokers with up to 5 years experience or teenagers are prescribed drugs without nicotine, and if you smoke more than 5 years, the effect of nicotine-containing medications will be more noticeable.

The medicines from tobacco addiction have the following specificity of action: they have similar effects on nicotine, after their reception in an organism are started exactly the same biochemical reactions, however nicotine and its derivatives thus do not arrive in blood and other systems of an organism. Gradually develops a withdrawal from smoking. It should be understood that such drugs are not “miracle pills” without a strong desire and effort on the part of the patient to achieve results is impossible.

Nicotine addiction

The main pharmacological action of nicotine is its interaction with acetylcholinergic receptors. Nicotine, like acetylcholine, stimulates the functional activity of H-cholinoreceptors, but the process of depolarization (blocking) of receptors lasts longer than for acetylcholine. The double effect of nicotine on H-cholinoreceptors should be considered: the primary effect is their stimulation (agonist function) and the subsequent effect is the blockade of the receptors’ functional activity.

A person who first starts smoking tobacco or resumes smoking after a break experiences dizziness, nausea, muscle weakness – signs indicative of the central effects of nicotine. Subsequently, the smoker goes through all the stages of tobacco tolerance, and various degrees of addiction are gradually formed.

In people with normal baseline blood glucose levels and normal blood pressure constantly entering the blood nicotine leads to autonomic and hormonal restructuring of the body, which in the case of quitting smoking causes a decrease in blood pressure and blood glucose levels. This is associated with withdrawal symptoms such as exhaustion, weakness, decreased concentration and irritability, which leads to a resumption of smoking. You can buy modern medications at